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谈法律法规中指示语的翻译(6)

5 . a. 中华人民共和国成立以后本法实施以前的行为,如果 当时的 法律不认为是犯罪的适用 当时的 法律;如果 当时的 法律认为是犯罪的,依照本法总则第八节的规定应当追诉的,按照当时的法律追究刑事责任,但是如果本法院不认为是犯罪或者处刑轻的,适用本法。

b. If an act committed after the founding of the People’s Republic of China and before the entry into force of this Law was not deemed a crime under the law at the time , those law shall apply. If the act was deemed a crime under the law at the time and is subject to prosecution under the provisions of Section 8, Chapter IV of the General Provisions of this Law, criminal responsibility shall be investigated in accordance with those laws. However, if according to this Law the act is not deemed a crime or is subject to a lighter punishment, this Law shall apply. (《中华人民共和国刑法》第一章第十二条)

(5b) 在汉语中,根据上下文,读者完全可以判定“当时”指的是中华人民共和国成立以后,本规定实施以前,但在翻译中,用“ at the time ”,“ those law ”来指代“当时的法律”可能会引起歧义,至少目标语读者要经过一番源语读者不需要的推敲,才能断定这些指示语指代的时间,这时译者就要根据目标语读者的习惯加以补充,以便使文章在目标语读者中达到同样的效果,根据比照补足原则,原文的译文可改为:

c. If an act committed after the founding of the People’s Republic of China and before the entry into force of this Law was not deemed a crime under the law at the time when the crime was committed, that law shall apply. If the act was deemed a crime under the law at the time when the crime was committed and is subject to prosecution under the provisions of Section 8, Chapter IV of the General Provisions of this Law, criminal responsibility shall be investigated in accordance with the law at the time when the crime was committed . However, if according to this Law the act is not deemed a crime or is subject to a lighter punishment, this Law shall apply.

 


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